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Netzwerkmanagement mit Open-Source Tools

Tools OpenNMS Big Brother MRTG Scotty Ethereal EtherApe NeTraMet Jasmin libsmi net-snmp OpenSNMP MIB Explorer mibDeport MG-Soft ntop kismet sniffit Trinux UNINETT Nagios kommerzielle Anbieter grosse Aprisma: Spectrum CA: Unicenter NMS HP: OpenView kleine Micromuse: Netcool Remedy: Action Request System Peregrine: Network Discovery Fluke: Network Supervision Novell: Zenworks Weiterführende Literatur Infos Studienarbeit Diplomarbeit

Titel: Open Source Netzwerkmanagement
Autor: Clemens Kraus
Beschreibung: Netzwerkmanagement mit Open Source Tools unter Linux (und Windows).


  • URL OpenNMS
  • Netzwerkmanagement-Platform für das Managment grosser unternehmensweiter Netzwerke.

  • URL Big Brother
  • "Big Brother monitors System and Network-delivered services for availability. Your current network status is displayed on a color-coded web page in near-real time.
    When problems are detected, you're immediately notified by e-mail, pager, or text messaging. "

  • "The Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) is a tool to monitor the traffic load on network links. MRTG generates HTML pages containing PNG images which provide a LIVE visual representation of this traffic. "

  • URL Scotty
  • "Scotty is the name of a software package which allows to implement site specific network management software using high-level, string-based APIs.
    The software is based on the Tool Command Language which simplifies the development of portable network management scripts.
    The scotty source distribution includes two major components.
    The first one is the Tnm Tcl Extension which provides access to network management information sources.
    The second component is the Tkined network editor which provides a framework for an extensible network management system."

  • URL Ethereal
  • "Ethereal is a free network protocol analyzer for Unix and Windows.
    It allows you to examine data from a live network or from a capture file on disk. You can interactively browse the capture data, viewing summary and detail information for each packet.
    Ethereal has several powerful features, including a rich display filter language and the ability to view the reconstructed stream of a TCP session."

  • URL EtherApe
  • "EtherApe is a graphical network monitor for Unix modeled after etherman. Featuring link layer, ip and TCP modes, it displays network activity graphically."

  • URL NeTraMet
  • "NeTraMet provides a valuable tool for analysing network traffic flows, and should prove to be of interest to anyone interested in network monitoring, capacity planning, performance measurement, etc."

  • URL Jasmin
  • Jasmin provides an MIB implementation.

  • URL libsmi
  • "A library to access SMI MIB information."

  • URL net-snmp
  • "Various tools relating to the Simple Network Management Protocol including:

    • An extensible agent
    • An SNMP library
    • tools to request or set information from SNMP agents
    • tools to generate and handle SNMP traps
    • a version of the unix 'netstat' command using SNMP
    • a Tk/perl mib browser"
  • URL OpenSNMP
  • "openSNMP is a multi-threaded SNMPv3 engine. This project supports the Simple Network Management Protocol version 3."

  • URL MIB Explorer
  • "MIB Explorer is an user-friendly Java? 2SE SNMPv1/v2c/v3 MIB browser that provides affordable generic SNMP management for everyone. SNMP Professionals will benefit from its numerous features. SNMP Beginners will benefit from the intuitive interface and the comprehensive online help (PDF)."

  • URL mibDeport
  • "mibDepot is a free service to the SNMP community and offers a unique Search Engine with over 6200 SNMP MIBs representing over 910,000 MIB object definitions."

  • URL MG-Soft
  • "MG-SOFT MIB Browser Professional Edition with MIB Compiler for Linux is an extremely flexible, technically superb, powerful and user-friendly SNMP Browser running on Linux operating systems."

  • URL ntop
  • Netzwerk-Monitor für IP-Protokolle mit grafischer Ausgabe (in HTML).
    "A tool that shows the network usage, similar to the 'top' Unix command."

  • URL kismet
  • "Kismet is an 802.11 wireless network sniffer - this is different from a normal network sniffer (such as Ethereal or tcpdump) because it separates and identifies different wireless networks in the area."

  • URL sniffit
  • "Sniffit is a packet sniffer for TCP/UDP/ICMP packets. Sniffit is able to give you very detailed technical info on these packets (SEQ, ACK, TTL, Window, ...), and also packet contents in different formats (hex or plain text, ...)"

  • URL Trinux
  • "Trinux is a ramdisk-based Linux distribution that boots from a single floppy or CD-ROM, loads it packages from an HTTP/FTP server, a FAT/NTFS/ISO filesystem, or additional floppies.
    Trinux contains the latest versions of popular Open Source network security tools for port scanning, packet sniffing, vulnerability scanning, sniffer detection, packet construction, active/passive OS fingerprinting, network monitoring, session-hijacking, backup/recovery, computer forensics, intrusion detection, and more.
    Trinux also provides support for Perl, PHP, and Python scripting languages. Remote Trinux boxes can be managed securely with OpenSSH."

  • "Stager is a system for aggregating and presenting network statistics. Though tailored for using NetFlow data from the flow-tools package, it is generic and can be customized to present and process any kind of network statistics."

  • URL Nagios
  • Analyse- und Monitoringprogramm, generiert grafische Netzwerkabbilder und Web-Reports.

kommerzielle Anbieter

Übersicht von Anbietern kommerzieller Produkte.

Weiterführende Literatur


Gerade für den Administrator kleinerer Netzwerke kann es interessant sein, sich über Open Source Tools zu informieren. Inzwischen gibt es schon einige Tools, die teilweise mit den Produkten kommerzieller Anbieter konkurrieren können.
Insbesondere für mittelständische Unternehmen, für die der Preis käuflicher Produkte zu hoch ist, kann das eine Alternative sein. (S. auch die Beschreibung meines Umstiegs von Windows auf Linux)

  • URL Studienarbeit
  • "Netzwerk-Management-Tools unter LINUX" (Weirich/Leemhuis)

  • URL Diplomarbeit
  • "Netzwerkmanagement unter Linux mit dem Tool Scotty" (M. Breuer)